Week 7: Featuring Oscar Peterson

First, a Piece by Thelonious Monk (1917-1982)

Round Midnight (1944)
Most Recorded Jazz Standard Composed by a Jazz Musician

We will shortly hear Oscar Peterson play Tonight from West Side Story.


Leonard Bernstein
(1918-1990)
Composer of the
Music
Lyrics by Sondheim


Richard Beymer (b. 1938) and Natalie Wood (1938-1981) in the Movie (1961)

Oscar Peterson Trio Playing Leonard Bernstein's "Tonight" from "West Side Story" (1965)

Oscar Peterson Trio: Oscar Peterson (piano), Ray Brown (bass), Ed Thigpen (drums)

Common Question 1: Which jazz pianists in our 6 were prodigies?

Common Question 2: Do jazz pianists repeat improvisations?


Image Courtesy http://www.greenvillesymphony.org

Oscar Peterson Talks About His Upbringing

Oscar Peterson Adds Luscious Chords to "Isn't It Romantic" (1932) by Rodgers and Hart


Richard Rodgers (1902-1979) and Lorenz Hart (1895-1943)


Oscar Peterson (1925-2007)

Oscar Peterson Adds Luscious Chords to "The Nearness of You" (1938)


Hoagy Carmichael
(1899-1981)
Music


Ned Washington
(1901-1976)
Lyrics


Oscar Peterson (1925-2007)

André Previn (b. 1929) and Oscar Peterson in 1974

Dick Cavett (b. 1936) and Oscar Peterson in 1979

Our Philosophy Lesson for This Week inspired by Bill and Brother Harry Evans


Harry Evans (1927-1979)


Bill Evans (1929-1980)

Bill: Teach Principles Independent of Style

Harry doesn't want to stay on the F chord for four measures.

Leads to the Principles of Chord Substitution.

But can Principles be Broken?

Opposites

Western

Aristotelian Logic

Eastern


Ancient Chinese Philosophy

  • WEST: If A is the Principle, then NOT A is the opposite.
  • EAST: Both A and NOT A exists together.
  • We will apply this topic to Harry's Chord Substitution.
  • Let A mean you do chord substitutions.
  • Then NOT A means Constant Harmony - no Change.
  • Clementine, She'll Be Coming Around the Mountain
  • Blues: Brubeck, Maybellene by Chuck Berry

Psychology and Physics

Abraham Maslow

1908-1970

Niels Bohr


1885-1962

"Maslow identified self-actualizing people as individuals who are highly creative, who have peak experiences, and who are able to resolve the dichotomies inherent in opposite contraries ..." Psychology Today

Opposites are Complementary (Wave-Particle Duality)

Niels Bohr


1885-1962

  • "The opposite of a fact is a falsehood,
  • but the opposite of one profound truth may very well be another profound truth." Niels Bohr
  • Source: Life ThinkBlog

REVIEW: Western vs Non-Western Music

Source: BBC Magazine

  • Becoming vs Being
  • Written vs Improvised
  • Manuscript vs Oral Tradition
  • Concert vs Communal Function
  • Outer vs Inner


Becoming = Changing Chords = Chord Progression

Being = Lingering on a Chord


Claus Ogerman introduces both (OPPOSITES) in his arrangement of Jobim's "Wave" for
the Oscar Peterson album "Motions and Emotions" (1969)!

Antônio Carlos (Tom) Jobim
(1927-1994)


Composer of "Wave" (1967)

Claus Ogerman
(1930-2016)


Arranger and Conductor
of "Wave" on the album
"Motions and Emotions" (1969)

Oscar Peterson
(1925-2007)


Pianist on the album
"Motions and Emotions" (1969)

Images may be subject to copyright.

"Lover" (1932) by Rodgers and Hart sung by Deanna Durbin (1921-2013) on the Record Player and accompanying Herself as a Duet in the movie "Because of Him" (1946).

Helen Broderick (1891-1959) puts on the Durbin 78-record in the movie.

Oscar Peterson and "Lover" (1932) by Rodgers and Hart


Richard Rodgers (1902-1979) and Lorenz Hart (1895-1943)


Oscar Peterson (1925-2007)

Images may be subject to copyright.

A Blues: Night Train (1951), adapted from Duke Ellington

Review: Blues Structure

Duke Ellington
(1899-1974)


Oscar Peterson
(1925-2007)

Music Jimmy Forrest, with original music by Ellington: "Happy Go Lucky Local" (1940s)

Images may be subject to copyright.

Oscar Peterson and "Tenderly" (1946), music by Walter Gross, lyrics by Jack Lawrence


Walter Gross (1909-1967)


Jack Lawrence (1912-2009)


Oscar Peterson (1925-2007)

Images may be subject to copyright.

Oscar Peterson and "Chicago" (1922), by Fred Fisher, Album Live from Chicago (1961)


Fred Fisher (1875-1942)


Oscar Peterson (1925-2007)

Images may be subject to copyright.

Second Song on Album First Side: In the Wee Small Hours of the Morning


Frank Sinatra (1915-1998) & Ava Gardner (1922-1990)
Sinatra sung it after his 1957 breakup.
His recording is considered VOCAL JAZZ.


Oscar Peterson (1925-2007)

Song composed (1955) by David Mann (1916-2002), b. in Philadelphia and attended Curtis

Images may be subject to copyright.

Third Song on Album First Side: I've Never Been in Love Before (1950)


Frank Loesser (1910-1969)


Oscar Peterson (1925-2007)

Song composed for the Broadway Show Guys and Dolls

A Notable Recording is by Frank Sinatra in 1965

Images may be subject to copyright.